Witness the Architectural Splendour of Rome during Europe Holidays
Rome is the capital city of the Italian Republic and is among the largest cities of Europe in terms of area. Owing to its rich history and architectural splendour, the city holds the pride of being home to several UNESCO World Heritage Sites. What is more interesting about this place is the Aurelian Walls, dating back some 3000 years, which surround its landscape. Its transition from a tiny Latin village to the fulcrum of European culture and traditions is remarkable. Beyond its cultural legacy, this region is also recorded as the greenest one in the entire Europe. Now a famous tourist destination, this ancient city of the continent is fascinating for travelers going on Europe holidays.
Dotted with churches and basilicas, monuments, museums, piazzas, parks and gardens, the mystical city of Rome poses as an open-air museum. Most of its attractions, including the Colosseum, Pantheon, Trevi Fountain, Roman Forum and Baths of Caracalla, are counted among the globally-renowned architectural masterpieces. The city has a mesmerising effect on tourists, especially those who possess fascination for history, art and architecture, and are on a lookout for knowledge on Christianity. It is owing to the growing popularity of this city among globetrotters that it is included in several world tour packages.
Coliseum, often spelled as Colosseum, is a must-visit site among the many marvelous attractions of Rome. Also referred to as the Flavian Amphitheatre, this structure was constructed by emperor Vespasian in AD 72. The monument was completed in AD 80 by Titus, the son of Vespasian; however, the original structure was later improvised by Domitian. This UNESCO World Heritage Site has played host to a number of gladiatorial combats and public executions that were carried out by ferocious beasts. What makes it worth exploring is its architecture, which is an exemplary of Roman engineering. It is the uniqueness of this splendid building that has earned it a spot on the prestigious list of the Seven Wonders of the World – an ode to classical antiquity.
The monument is a four-storey elliptical building, of which the upper three floors have arches decorated with statues. The central arena of this monument is covered with canvas and wooden floor, and its seating area, called Cavea, features three divisions for knights, wealthy citizens and general public. The highlight of this structure is its 80 arched entrances, which were designed to accommodate as many as 55,000 spectators at the same time. The building was ahead of its time due to its advanced engineering and efficient crowd control mechanism.
Even after the southern parts of the Colosseum were demolished in AD 847 due to an earthquake, this wondrous site never lost its charm. The site that was once used by emperors to entertain their subjects with free games has now transformed into a deserted monument that epitomises rich legacy of the Roman empire. Tourists from around the globe come to explore the centuries-old charm of this abandoned amphitheatre, without which the trip to Rome would remain incomplete.